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Intershop Progressive Web App
Guide - Intershop Progressive Web App - Themes

Multiple Themes

It is possible to create multiple themes for the PWA, and the Intershop Progressive Web App currently uses multi-theming to provide different features, configurations, and styles for the B2B and the B2C application.
This mechanism uses Angular configurations to replace files for each configuration.

The styles for B2B are defined in src/styles/themes/b2b/style.scss, for B2C in src/styles/themes/b2c/style.scss.

Developing the PWA with Several Themes

Before using multiple themes, use schematics to set your default theme: Customizations - Start Customization.

Now add another theme without using --default:

node schematics/customization/add <theme-prefix>

This will add the theme to the corresponding files and creates styling-specific folders and files, see Customizations - Start Customization.

Configurable Theme


To use this feature, the feature toggle extraConfiguration must be enabled.


Multiple themes (e.g., for different channels or brands) increase the build and deployment time of the PWA SSR container.
This is okay for a limited number of themes (2-3) but will become problematic the higher the number gets.
A solution could be to use only one theme that can be configured for the different channels/brands at runtime.

With Intershop PWA 4.1 the two standard themes b2b and b2c were refactored so that the b2c theme could be changed into a configurable theme.
Configurable in this context means adaptable at runtime using CSS custom properties (CSS variables).
This way only one configurable theme is needed at build time that can then be adapted through an ICM back office CMS Configuration component on channel or application level.
This differs from compiling different themes at build time, e.g., with SCSS variables and using them for different channels through the Multi Site Configuration.

The difference between the default b2b theme and the configurable b2c theme lies in the way the SCSS variables are initialized.
The underlying .scss files are the same for the standard Intershop PWA.
While the b2b theme uses a variables.scss that directly assigns property values to the SCSS variables, the b2c theme assigns CSS custom properties to the SCSS variables (see variables.scss).

b2b - variables.scss

$logo: url('/assets/themes/b2b/img/logo.png');
$logo-width: 114px;
$font-family-regular: 'robotoregular', 'Helvetica', 'Arial', sans-serif;
$CORPORATE-SHADOW: #7f9ecc80; // with alpha transparency
$text-color-corporate: $CORPORATE-PRIMARY;

b2c - variables.scss

$logo: var(--logo);
$logo-width: var(--logo-width);
$font-family-regular: var(--font-family-regular);
$CORPORATE-PRIMARY: var(--corporate-primary);
$CORPORATE-SECONDARY: var(--corporate-secondary);
$CORPORATE-LIGHT: var(--corporate-light);
$CORPORATE-DARK: var(--corporate-dark);
$CORPORATE-SHADOW: var(--corporate-shadow);
$text-color-corporate: var(--text-color-corporate);

In the properties.scss actual values are assigned to these CSS custom properties.

b2c - properties.scss

:root {
  --logo: url('/assets/themes/b2c/img/logo.png');
  --logo-width: 114px;
  --font-family-regular: 'robotoregular', 'Helvetica', 'Arial', sans-serif;
  --corporate-primary: #ff6d00; // ORANGE
  --corporate-secondary: #cc5700;
  --corporate-light: #ff8a33;
  --corporate-dark: #994100;
  --corporate-shadow: #ff832680; // with alpha transparency
  --text-color-corporate: var(--corporate-primary);

With the introduction of CSS custom properties, the values of these properties can be overridden at runtime, in our case by defining them as inline styles in the html tag.

<html style="--logo: url(https://localhost/INTERSHOP/static/WFS/inSPIRED-inTRONICS_Business-Site/rest/inSPIRED-inTRONICS_Business-rest/en_US/config/logo.png); --logo-width: 260px; -font-family-regular: Open+Sans; --corporate-primary: #688dc3;" lang="en-US">


SCSS color calculations do not work with CSS custom properties, they need real values.
Therefore, SCSS functions like darken() and lighten() do not work with values like var(--corporate-primary).
The standard Intershop PWA SCSS styling was adapted to no longer use such functions.
The underlying Bootstrap styling still uses color calculations based on the SCSS variables $primary and $secondary.
For that reason these variables have to be set with actual values so the default Bootstrap stylings can be generated.
If necessary, such bootstrap-generated styles with mismatching colors must be overridden in the project styles (see button.scss).

ICM Requirements

To configure the configurable b2c theme within the ICM back office, a specific Configuration CMS include (include.configuration.pagelet2-Include) with an assigned Configuration CMS component (component.configuration.pagelet2-Component) is required.
The sources are available with ICM (in the app_sf_pwa_cm cartridge) but can be integrated in any earlier ICM version as well.

With the Configuration component in place, the theme configuration can be changed via CMS on organization, channel, or application level.

Configuration Parameters

The Configuration component provides various configuration parameters for the PWA.

Regarding CSS custom properties for a configurable theme, it provides options to change the Logo, Logo (mobile) and CSS Properties in general.
You can also include additional CSS fonts that can be referenced in the CSS properties.

Independent of the used theme, which is configurable via CSS custom properties, the Configuration component can be used to change the Favicon, to reference an additional CSS File, or to add additional CSS Styling.

Also the used feature set can be changed with the Features and Additional Features parameters, and additional custom Configuration JSON can be provided for any specific customization needs.

Parameters Values Description
Logo image reference Brand logo, can be a reference to an ICM managed image (uploaded and selected), an absolute URL (https://), or with the prefix file:// pointing to an image in the PWA assets folder
Logo (mobile) image reference Brand logo on mobile devices (see "Logo" description)
Favicon image reference Storefront Favicon (see "Logo" description)
CSS Properties key-value pairs CSS custom properties as multiline key (name without --) value pairs separated by a :, configurable properties can be found in properties.scss, example: corporate-primary:#688dc3
CSS Fonts font URL CSS font references (multiline) (e.g.;
CSS File URL CSS style file reference, either ICM managed (uploaded and selected, could even be an unzipped, an absolute URL (https://), or with the prefix file:// pointing to a file in the PWA assets folder
CSS Styling URL CSS style definitions, added via a style tag to the HTML head
Features comma separated list Enabled PWA features, a comma separated features list, if empty, all default features of the theme will be enabled
Additional Features comma separated list Additional PWA features, a comma separated list of features added to the default feature set of the used theme
Configuration JSON JSON Additional Configuration data in JSON notation, will be available in the PWA state, accessible via appFacade.extraSetting$(path)

Configuration JSON

The Configuration CMS component provides a generic Configuration JSON parameter that can be used to add any structured data in JSON format for the specific needs of the PWA customization in projects without having to change or extend the CMS component model.
This could be used, for example, to provide additional tracking configuration information.
The data is available as JSON in the PWA state and can easily be accessed via a facade method.


If additional document manipulation needs to be done for the customization, the setThemeConfiguration method of the configuration.service.ts is the current reference.
Please consider the DOM manipulations advices.

If the Configuration JSON does not suit the requirements for customizations well enough, it is always possible to extend the Pagelet model of the Configuration component in the ICM project sources.

Developing with the Configurable Theme


To use this feature, the feature toggle extraConfiguration needs to be enabled.

For testing the configurable b2c theme, even without an ICM that provides the needed CMS include and pagelet, we provide mock data that can be used instead.

Add this line to your environment.development.ts:

apiMockPaths: ['^cms/includes/include.configuration.pagelet2-Include'],

Also the icmChannel and the wanted features set should be set in the environment.development.ts if the ones from environment.b2c.ts are not what you want.

To start the PWA with the b2c theme, run

ng s -c=b2c,development

To experiment with the CMS Configuration component parameters, you can edit the src\assets\mock-data\cms\includes\include.configuration.pagelet2-Include\get.json.

To develop a custom configurable theme, you need to copy the b2c theme as base of the custom theme instead of using the default b2b theme.

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